In 1950 First Republic Day of India was celebrated .
Republic Day of India – 26 January
In 2018, India is celebrating its 69th Republic Day.
Republic day 2018 in India is going to be celebrated on 26th of January, at Friday.
Republic Day in India
Many people thought India celebrate the nation’s Republic Day, which is a gazetted (announce or publish) holiday on January 26 each year. It is a day to remember and honour the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. It had replaced the Government of India Act,1935 into the governing document of the India.
The new Indian constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.
What Do People Do?
Much effort is put towards organizing events and celebrations that occur on Republic Day in India. Large indian military parades are held in New Delhi and the state capitals. Representatives of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes take part in the parades.
A grand parade is held in New Delhi and the event starts with India’s prime minister laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, to remember soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country. India’s president takes the military salute during the parade in New Delhi while state governors take the military salutes in state capitals.
Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians.
Helicopters from the armed forces then fly past the parade area showering rose petals on the audience.
School children also participate in the parade by dancing and singing patriotic songs.
Armed Forces personnel also showcase motorcycle rides.
The parade concludes with a “fly past” by the Indian Air Force, which involves fighter planes of flying past the dais, symbolically saluting the president. These leave trails of smoke in the colors of the Indian flag.
There are many national and local cultural programs focusing on the history and culture of India. Children have a special place in these programs. Many children receive gifts of sweets or small toys. A prime minister’s rally also takes place around this time of the year, as well as the Lok Tarang – National Folk Dance Festival, which occurs annually from January 24-29.
Republic Day is a gazetted holiday in India on January 26 each year. National, state and local government offices, post offices and banks are closed on this date. Stores and other businesses and organizations may be closed or have reduced opening hours.
Public transport is usually unaffected as many locals travel for celebrations. Republic Day parades cause significant disruption to traffic and there may be increased security on this date, particularly in areas such as New Delhi and state capitals.
India became independent of the United Kingdom on August 15, 1947. India did not have a permanent constitution at this time. The drafting committee presented the constitution’s first draft to the national assembly on November 4, 1947. The national assembly signed the final English and Hindi language versions of the constitution on January 24, 1950.
India’s constitution came into effect on Republic Day, January 26, 1950. This date was chosen as it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day, which was held on January 26, 1930.The constitution gave India’s citizens the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr Rajendra Prasad took oath as India’s first president at the Durbar Hall in the Government House, followed by a residential drive along a route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled India’s national flag. Ever since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor across India.
Republic Day represents the true spirit of the independent India. Military parades, displays of military equipment and the national flag are important symbols on this date. India’s national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the flag’s width to its length is two to three. A navy-blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the white band’s width and it has 24 spokes.
Chief Guests on Republic Day of India 2018
The chief guests on Republic Day of India 2018 would be 10 Great Leaders of the 10 nations of the world (Heads of ASEAN states). Below is the list of names of Chief Guests and their Nations:
- Sultan and incumbent Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah – Brunei
- Prime Minister Hun Sen – Cambodia
- President Joko Widodo – Indonesia
- Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith – Laos
- Prime Minister Najib Razak – Malaysia
- President Htin Kyaw – Myanmar
- President Rodrigo Roa Duterte – Philippines
- President Halimah Yacob – Singapore
- Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha – Thailand
- Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc – Vietnam
What are Special on Republic Day of India 2018
Following are the special to be happened on Republic Day of India in New Delhi in 2018:
- India will celebrate its Republic Day 2018 with the great leaders of all 10 Asean countries (Association of South East Asian Nations).
- This year in 2018, for the first time in Indian history that 10 chief guests would grace (bring honour or credit to (someone or something) by one’s attendance or participation) the Republic Day of India. It is very special because the Southeast Asian bloc completed its 50 years of formation (created on 8 August 1967) and India completed its 25 years of partnership (started in 1992) with the grouping in 2017.